Meanwhile, the Greek forces with the support of their navy landed in Kavala and then penetrated inland to western Thrace. Greeks suffered heavy casualties but by the following day had carried the trenches.
At the same time, the Greeks advanced north, occupying Thessaloniki shortly before the Bulgarians arrived, and establishing a common Greek border with Serbia. The 1st Army was stationed at the eastern Midia end of the line.
On 5 February Romania settled her differences over Transylvania with Austria-Hungary signing a military alliance and on 28 June officially warned Bulgaria that it would not remain neutral in a new Balkan war.
On the western flank, an offensive was launched against Tsarevo Selo with the objective of reaching the Serbian lines. The resulting agreement was a compromise between the Romanian demands for the entire southern Dobruja and the Bulgarian refusal to accept any cession of its territory.
Reinforcements in the form of the 14th Division came too late and joined the retreat towards Strumica and the Bulgarian border. The core of the Armed forces consisted of nine infantry and one cavalry division.
However, his later dismissal put an end to the diplomatic targeting of Serbia.
The next day the government put pressure on the General Staff to order the army to cease hostilities which caused confusion and loss of initiative and failed to remedy the state of undeclared war. The nine division-strong Greek Army had a total of guns and the ten division-strong Serbian Army, The Kingdom of Romania had the largest army in the Balkans, although it had not seen action since the Romanian War of Independence against the Ottomans in There is some evidence[ which?
The Bulgarian forces were forced to withdraw from their positions north of Thessaloniki except the isolated battalion stationed in the city itself which was quickly overrun to defensive positions between Kilkis and Struma river.
Order of battle of the Bulgarian Army in the Second Balkan War Initial Bulgarian plan of operations The main Bulgarian attack was planned against the Serbs with their 1st, 3rd, 4th and 5th Armies, while the 2nd Army was tasked with an attack towards Greek positions around Thessaloniki.
By 21 July, the Greek army was outnumbered by the now counterattacking Bulgarian armies, and the Bulgarian General Staff, attempting to encircle the Greeks in a Cannae -type battle was applying pressure on their flanks.
The League of Nations was formed with the aim of preventing any repetition of such a conflict. On 27 June Montenegro announced that it would side with Serbia in the event of a Serbian-Bulgarian war.
However, with the Ottomans unwilling to definitely accept the loss of Thrace in the east, and an enraged Romania on the norththe decision to open a war against both Greece to the south and Serbia to the westwas a rather adventurous one, since in May the Ottoman Empire had urgently requested a German mission to reorganize the Ottoman army.
General Ivanov, possibly to avoid any responsibility for his crushing defeat, claimed after the war that his Army consisted of only 36, men and that many of his units were understrength, but a detailed analysis of his units contradicted him.The Second Balkan War was a conflict which broke out when Bulgaria, dissatisfied with its share of the spoils of the First Balkan War, attacked its former allies, Serbia and Greece, on 16 / 29 (N.S.) June Serbian and Greek armies repulsed the Bulgarian offensive and counter-attacked, entering Bulgaria.
With Bulgaria also having previously.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July to 11 November Contemporaneously described as the "war to end all wars", more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilised in one of the largest wars .Download