Rhinoceros sondaicus, lesser one-horned rhinoceros Javan rhinoceros, Rhinoceros sondaicusalso called lesser one-horned rhinoceros, one of three Asian species of rhinocerosfound only on the island of Java in Indonesia. The original specimen of this species was a hornless female.
The political situation in Burma has prevented assessment of the species in that country, however, its survival is considered unlikely. In early Maythe body of a Javan rhino was found in the park. The Javan rhino is hairless except for its ears and tail tip.
Largely because of the rhinoceros, the region they inhabited became part of the Cat Tien National Park in It has been at the centre of anachronistic speculation that it might represent a Stegosaur due to the leaves behind it that give the impression of plates.
The action plan also suggests that bringing some of the rhinos into a managed, breeding sanctuary should be considered 6.
It was the last species of rhinoceros to be identified. Loss of habitat because of agriculture has also contributed to its decline, though this is no longer as significant a factor because the rhinoceros only lives in one nationally protected park.
The Javan rhino is also known as the lesser one-horned rhinoceros in contrast with the greater one-horned rhinoceros, another name for the Indian rhino. The population is now confined to as more than 50 animals in the wild, Ujung Kulon National Park on the western tip of the island of Java.
Fresh tracks belonging to up to 15 rhinos were found along the Dong Nai River.
It can be found in Western Indonesia and Eastern Indochina. This would help lessen the chance of disease or a natural disaster affecting all individuals simultaneously.
Over-hunting for its horn and other medicinal products has driven this formerly widespread species to the brink of extinction.
It prefers plants that flourish in sunny areas like forest clearings and shrub land, which it grasps with its prehensile upper lip.
Other studies have suggested the Sumatran rhinoceros is more closely related to the two African species. Adults have no known predators other than humans.
The subspecies really only differ in terms of conservation history; virtually everything known about the species comes from the Indonesian subspecies.
Ujung Kulon is managed by the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry. Currently, it is a pure browser, but probably once both browsed and grazed in its historical range.
The last individual of this population was shot by a poacher in Other studies have suggested the Sumatran rhinoceros is more closely related to the two African species.
Retrieved 12 January How many rhinoceros had died, in that war? The political situation in Burma has prevented an assessment of the species in that country, but its survival is considered unlikely.Javan rhinoceros, (Rhinoceros sondaicus), also called lesser one-horned rhinoceros, one of three Asian species of rhinoceros, found only on the island of Java in Indonesia.
It is the Javan rhino living rhinoceros and one of the world’s most endangered mammals. Some 46–66 adults survive, all. The biggest threat to the Javan rhino is the very small size of the remaining populations.
Find out more about this incredible species and how you can get involved. The Javan rhino is probably the rarest large mammal on the planet, with only 63 left in the wild and none in captivity. And every single Javan rhino lives within the confines of the Ujung Kulon National Park in Indonesia, making the species even more vulnerable to.
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This article appeared on Wikipedia's Main Page as Today's featured article on June 20, The Javan Rhino is the rarest of the rhino species with animals surviving only in Indonesia. Javan rhinos are now found only in Indonesia’s Ujung Kulon National Park, where the population appears to have stabilized, largely because they are guarded by Rhino Protection Units.
Range Description: The Javan Rhino formerly occurred from Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Viet Nam, and probably southern China through peninsular Malaya to Sumatra and Java (Grubb, ).Download