Stereospecific reduction of benzoin with nabh4

Instead, one of the methyl groups has a higher chemical shift than the other. This was then left to stir for an additional fifteen minutes. This we call a meso isomer. The integration values for each peak can be used to determine the relative ratio of trans to cis product.

Stereospecific reduction of benzoin with nabh4 the meso hydrobenzoin product was formed, the resulting acetal derivative would show two distinct methyl groups in its 1H NMR spectrum. This reaction mixture was then left to stir for another fifteen minutes. Upon analysis of the 1H-NMR spectrum, it is evident that the trans product formed over the cis product in a 2.

This forms the thermodynamically favored product. This simple spectroscopy technique can allow scientists to further investigate the mechanistic principles that govern this reaction. The addition of the hydride from the top face places the alcohol OH group in the equatorial position, forming the more energetically stable product.

A meso isomer is a molecule with 2 chiral centres in which the attached functional groups on each are the same. Since the 1H NMR of all of the stereoisomers of hydrobenzoin are nearly indentical, an acetal derivative of the product was formed Figure 4. The overall reaction was relatively simple and resulted in the formation of the stereospecific product.

Hydride Reduction Reactions: A Stereoselective Adventure

The rule is that the incoming group preferentially attacks on the side of the plane containing the small group" So, when we look at the projection of the benzoin compound we see that the carbonyl oxygen is oriented for steric purposes between the hydrogen and hydroxyl of the next carbon: This was then swirled gently before adding 25 mL of water.

Lithium aluminum hydride is similar to sodium borohydride in that it is not sterically hindered and has the ability to the attack the carbonyl from the top face. This reaction resulted in the formation of 1. After identifying the peak at 3. The NMR spectrum led to the conclusion that the 4S-5R -2,2-dimethyl-4,5-diphenyl-1,3-dioxolane, acetal product had been formed.

John Wiley and Sons, The solvent was then removed to leave an oily residue. By finding this melting point it could be inferred that the meso hydrobenzoin product had been formed, but a 1H NMR of the product could provide more evidence of the formation of this specific product.

The major product formed in this reaction was the transtert-butylcyclohexanol product. Introduction Stereospecificity is the property of a certain reaction mechanism the results in the formation of particular stereoisomeric products. By analyzing the 1H-NMR spectrum, it was clear that the SS diastereomer formed over the SR diastereomer, and thus, the S configuration of the alcohol was favored in the enzyme reduction of ethyl acetoacetate.

By forming the acetal derivative with the two phenyl rings on the same side, the methyl group that resides on that side of the molecule is deshielded, and therefore has a higher chemical shift than the other methyl group which does not encounter the deshielding effects of the phenyl rings.

Stereochemical Analysis of Benzil Reduction

By analyzing the data in the 1H NMR, it was possible to determine that 4S-5R -2,2-dimethyl-4,5-diphenyl-1,3-dioxolane had been formed, which provides evidence that the meso hydrobenzoin product had been formed in the first step. The organic layer was then dried with sodium sulfate.

Now that is not to say that none of the other products will not be formed.Your goal will be to discover which product(s) the reduction of benzil actually makes: (+/-)-benzoin, (+/-)-hydrobenzoin, or meso-benzoin. Through using Chart 1, you should be able to narrow your reduction product(s) down to one of the three options using melting points, TLC, and IR.

The purpose of this experiment was to investigate the stereoselectivity of various hydride reducing agents. 1,2 The reduction of 4-tert-butylcyclohexanone using sodium borohydride, lithium aluminum hydride, and L-selectride was studied in detail.

In a benzil reduction, there are five possible products than can occur, specifically a racemic mixture of benzoin, racemic mixture of hydrobenzoin, or meso-hydrobenzoin. Therefore, three different tests were conducted in determining the identity of the product: melting point.

Organic Chemistry II Laboratory Stereospecific Reduction of Benzoin with Sodium Borohydride; Experiment 9 Determination of the Stereochemistry by NMR Spectroscopy1,2 Week 9.

Diastereoselective reduction of benzoin with sodium borohydride to 1,2-diphenyl-1,2-ethanediol Classification Reaction types and substance classes reaction of the carbonyl group in ketones, reduction, stereoselective addition ketone, alcohol, complex metal hydride benzoin are dissolved in an Erlenmeyer flask in mL tert-butyl.

In this experiment, the reduction of Benzil using sodium borohydride was run in order to determine whether the reaction was indeed stereospecific. On first glance, the reduction of benzyl using sodium borohydride could result in the formation of three different stereochemical products as shown in Figure 3.

Stereospecific reduction of benzoin with nabh4
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